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Catalog Number 1971.226.002
Description Civilian Defense Auxiliary Police Helmet, c. 1942-1945. This metal helmet is round in shape and is painted in white. In front of the top center portion of the helmet's head, there is a blue circle with a white triangle with a red shield in the middle, which is the symbol for Civil Defense Auxiliary Police. At the bottom portion of the helmet, there are bolts painted in white that connect to the helmet's head and chinstrap adjustments and are spread out on each corner of the metal helmet. Inside the middle of the helmet, the white painted bolts are connected to metal brackets that are slightly bent, in which connects to a head adjustment made of leather that covers the head. The leather head adjustment is next to and parallel to the straps of white fabric which is tied to a circle made of black fabric. The middle straps of the white fabric are tied to a brown chinstrap with a metal loop bracket adjustment for the chin with a metal nail holding the strap. The chinstrap also has a metal black circle on each end that connects it to the slightly bent metal brackets on each left and right end of the metal helmet. At the bottom front portion of the back of the metal helmet, engraved in white and bold, the text reads "...No 217714 / No D113432...". At the bottom portion of the back of the metal helmet, engraved in white and bold, the text reads "...PA... / B.F...."
Object Name Hat, Hard
Collection 3D - Clothing
Title Civilian Defense Auxiliary Police Helmet, c. 1942-1945
Date c. 1942-1945
Creator Unknown
Role Manufacturer
Inscription Text "...No 217714 / No D113432..." (Engraved in white and bold at the bottom front portion of the back of the metal helmets)

"...MCDONALD CO / LOS ANGELES" (Engraved in white and bold at the bottom portion of the back of the metal helmet)

Provenance Civil Defense Helmet from Burlingame City Hall
Notes "Civil defense, civil defence or civil protection is an effort to protect the citizens of a state (generally non-combatants) from military attacks and natural disasters. It uses the principles of emergency operations: prevention, mitigation, preparation, response, or emergency evacuation and recovery. Programs of this sort were initially discussed at least as early as the 1920s and were implemented in some countries during the 1930s as the threat of war and aerial bombardment grew. It became widespread after the threat of nuclear weapons was realized." [ 12/27/2016]

"CITIZENS’ DEFENSE CORPS ORGANIZATION: United States. World War II. The Citizens’ Defense Corps was the organization within Civil Defense responsible for actual operations to protect a community from air raids. At the local jurisdiction level this organization was lead by a Commander, assisted by a staff consisting of the Chiefs of Fire and Police, the Chief Air Raid Warden, the Chief of Emergency Medical Services, the Chief of Emergency Work Services, and the Chief of Utilities. The Commander’s deputy was the Executive Officer. This staff managed the 15 enrolled volunteer services that provided the volunteer Civil Defense force for the community: ... Auxiliary Policemen – supplemented the staffing of the community’s regular police department. The Auxiliary Policeman emblem was a blue disc with a red shield. 12/27/2016]

"During World War II, the most ubiquitous form of volunteer police were the members of various civil defense units. For example, volunteers in the War Emergency Radio Service were able to transform the basic automobile radio of that ERA into a shortwave War Emergency Radio Service set, permitting the auxiliary police communications officers to maintain constant two-way contact with their control centers. Thousands of volunteers also served in the Air Raid Protective Service and the Auxiliary Police Service. The members of these services played a unique role in guarding the various points where saboteurs might hope to operate, especially around gas tanks, power houses, telephone exchanges, and water works."

[Greenberg, Martin Alan. (2015). American Volunteer Police: Mobilizing for Security. Boca Raton, Fl: Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. - 12/27/2016]

"In many communities, volunteers—men and women— are needed to aid the regular police force in performance of its duties. The number necessary is determined by the Chief of Police. Police functions in which volunteers assist include:

(1 )Enforcement of emergency restrictions on lighting and prohibitions on trespassing
(2) guarding of docks, bridges, and factories to prevent sabotage
(3) traffic duty to facilitate movement of essential vehicles
(4) prevention of looting of partially demolished shops and homes
(5) assistance to air-raid protection services before, during, and after a raid.

Auxiliary Police are properly armed and identified by police shields and brassards." []
Dimensions H-12.5 W-10.75 D-0.25 inches
Search Terms Civil Defense
Civilian Defense
World War II
World War Two
Subjects Civil defense
World War II