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Catalog Number 1971.226.003
Description Civil Defense Auxiliary Fireman Helmet, c. 1942-1945. This metal helmet is round in shape and is painted in red. In front of the top center portion of the helmet's head, there is a blue circle with a white triangle with a red cross in the middle, which is the symbol for Civil Defense Auxiliary Fireman. At the bottom portion of the helmet, there are bolts painted in white that connect to the helmet's head and chinstrap adjustments and are spread out on each corner of the metal helmet. Inside the middle of the helmet, the white painted bolts are connected to metal brackets that are slightly bent, in which connects to a head adjustment made of leather that covers the head. The leather head adjustment is next to and parallel to the straps of white fabric which is tied to a circle made of black fabric. The middle straps of the white fabric are tied to a brown chinstrap with a metal loop bracket adjustment for the chin with a metal nail holding the strap . The chinstrap also has a metal black circle on each end that connects it to the slightly bent metal brackets on each left and right end of the metal helmet. At the bottom front portion of the back of the metal helmet, engraved in white and bold, the text reads "PATENT... / No 217714 / No D113432...". At the bottom portion of the back of the metal helmet, engraved in white and bold, the text reads "...MCDONALD CO / LOS ANGELES".
Object Name Hat, Hard
Collection 3D - Clothing
Title Civil Defense Auxiliary Fireman Helmet, c. 1942-1945
Date c. 1942-1945
Creator Unknown
Role Manufacturer
Inscription Text "...No 217714 / No D113432..." (Engraved in white and bold at the bottom front portion of the back of the metal helmets)

"...MCDONALD CO / LOS ANGELES" (Engraved in white and bold at the bottom portion of the back of the metal helmet)
Provenance Civil Defense Helmets from Burlingame City Hall
Notes "Civil defense, civil defence or civil protection is an effort to protect the citizens of a state (generally non-combatants) from military attacks and natural disasters. It uses the principles of emergency operations: prevention, mitigation, preparation, response, or emergency evacuation and recovery. Programs of this sort were initially discussed at least as early as the 1920s and were implemented in some countries during the 1930s as the threat of war and aerial bombardment grew. It became widespread after the threat of nuclear weapons was realized." [ 12/27/2016]

"CITIZENS’ DEFENSE CORPS ORGANIZATION: United States. World War II. The Citizens’ Defense Corps was the organization within Civil Defense responsible for actual operations to protect a community from air raids. At the local jurisdiction level this organization was lead by a Commander, assisted by a staff consisting of the Chiefs of Fire and Police, the Chief Air Raid Warden, the Chief of Emergency Medical Services, the Chief of Emergency Work Services, and the Chief of Utilities. The Commander’s deputy was the Executive Officer. This staff managed the 15 enrolled volunteer services that provided the volunteer Civil Defense force for the community: ... Auxiliary Firemen supplemented the staffing of the community’s regular fire department. The Auxiliary Fireman emblem was a blue disc with a red Maltese cross." []

"Since fire is one of the greatest threats in air attack, augmentation of the regular fire-fighting forces is necessary. A practical plan, used in Britain and already under way in a number of American cities, is the establishment of three auxiliary fire stations around each existing engine company. One officer or first-grade fireman is placed in charge of each auxiliary fire station and up to 30 enrolled volunteers, assigned on the platoon system, are allotted at each such station.

Auxiliary Firemen must be men of good character and physique, not subject to military draft. Their duties are similar to those of the regular fire-fighting forces. In addition to identifying insignia showing the maltese cross, they are equipped with suitable protective clothing similar to that worn by the regular forces." []
Dimensions H-12.5 W-10.75 D-0.25 inches
Search Terms Civil Defense
Civilian Defense
World War II
World War Two
Subjects Civil defense
World War II