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Catalog Number 2010.171.015P
Description Napkin, c. 1920s. Square scarf in off-white or cream silk. Plain border with subtle repeating pattern of crosses and rectangles. Original notes mention that scarf may have been used as baby blanket.
Object Name Napkin
Collection 3D - Clothing
Title Napkin, c. 1920s
Date c. 1920s
Creator Unknown
Role Fiber Artist
Inscription Text none
Provenance Baby clothes of Helen Neuling Guido, and photograph of infant Helen in same clothing, 1920.
Notes "Ancient Rome is one of the many origins of the scarf, where the garment was used to keep clean rather than warm. It was called the sudarium, which translates from Latin to English as "sweat cloth", and was used to wipe the sweat from the neck and face in hot weather. They were originally worn by men around their neck or tied to their belt. Soon women started using the scarves, which were made of cloth and not made of wool, pashmina, or silk, and ever since the scarf has been fashionable among women.

Historians believe that during the reign of the Chinese Emperor Cheng, scarves made of cloth were used to identify officers or the rank of Chinese warriors.
In later times, scarves were also worn by soldiers of all ranks in Croatia around the 17th century. The only difference in the soldiers' scarves that designated a difference in rank was that the officers had silk scarves whilst the other ranks were issued with cotton scarves. Some of the Croatian soldiers served as mercenaries with the French forces. The men's scarves were sometimes referred to as "cravats" (from the French cravate, meaning "Croat"), and were the precursor of the necktie.

The scarf became a real fashion accessory by the early 19th century for both men and women. By the middle of the 20th century, scarves became one of the most essential and versatile clothing accessories for both men and women..." [ 3/13/2017]
Dimensions H-24.5 W-24.5 inches
Medium Textile
Search Terms Clothing
Guido, Helen Neuling
Subjects Scarf
People Guido, Helen Neuling