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Object Record

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Catalog Number RF2003.085
Description Van Brunt five-disk drill. This 5-row seeder has a large wooden hopper with metal sides and is painted red with yellow lettering "VB" on ends. Seeds go in the hopper and the painted green iron lever inside is marked with measurements for oats, barley, wheat and peas to adjust size of holes for allowing seeds through. The five iron metal disks dig trenches and a metal chain, attached to the large spoked yellow painted wheel in front, turns to release seeds through hole openings inside hopper. Body of seeder is iron metal painted green. There is a wooden tree in front with green painted metal hooks on ends. Wooden handles are painted yellow and have green metal levers below curved grips for adjusting height of disks and angle of handles. Handles are mounted to hopper and are supported by two metal vertical bars with a horizontal cross bar at bottom and two solid metal yellow painted wheels with round perforations throughout on either side. Round metal circles hang from S-hooks behind cylindars that drop seeds to spread dirt over seed once dropped.
Object Name Drill, Disk
Collection 3D - Agricultural Tools & Equipment
Title Van Brunt Five-disk Drill
Date c. 1913-1919
Creator Van Brunt
Role Manufacturer
Inscription Text "VB" (yellow letters on side of hopper); "ALFA... / FLAX... / OATS... / BARLEY 1... / WHEAT... / PEAS..." (embossed on guage inside hopper); part numbers (ie. "V124M") embossed throughout
Provenance Part of the Runnymede Farm Collection; collected from Kate Rosekrans, Bellevue, Idaho.
Notes Grain Disk Drill, c. 1913-1919
Made by John Deere-Van Brunt; Runnymede Farm Collection, SMCHA 2003.85.
George Van Brunt and his brother Daniel developed adjustable seeders in the 1860s that addressed problems farmers were having with birds. Their device covered the seeds before birds could eat them off the ground. The seeds were broadcast on the ground and a set of cultivator teeth followed to scratch soil over them. In 1900, they developed the first successful disk drill with closed delivery and stated that, “...with this device all the difficulties of seeding in mud, gumbo, and trashy ground were overcome.” Van Brunt was purchased by Deere & Company in 1911.
Dimensions H-40 W-30.75 D-75.5 inches
Search Terms Agriculture
Agriculture Technology
Farm Equipment
Farm Implements
Farm tools
Farming Technology
Runnymede Farm Collection
Subjects Agricultural machinery & implements